Ghostly guild - 1851 - 1861
​The Ghost Club - 1862 - present
The Ghost C;lub Society - 1993-2005 ?​ (peter Underwood)
BSPR-1925 incorporated into ASPR in 1941.
5 different organizations

O​n further investigation I have found that there was a club called the Ghostly Guild/ghost club Society 1851-1861 the club lasted approximately 10 yrs, from 1851-1861. This club was later revived in 1862 as "The Ghost Club". There are so many different accounts of what happened to the clubs that it's very difficult to find the true information. I believe the British Library is the only place anyone could find the answer to these questions. The journals of the clubs are kept in the British Library.

This is an excerpt from Fenton Horts journal/letters​​ - Westcott, Gorham CB, Scott, Benson, Bradshaw etc and I have started a society for the investigation of any and all supernatural appearances and effects being all to believe that such things really exist. our own name is the "Ghostly Guild". This was the precursor to the "Ghost Club"​​​​

Ghostly Guild,-
 Among the numerous persons and groups who in the middle of the nineteenth century were making inquiries into psychical occurrences may be mentioned a society from which our own can claim direct descent (SPR). 
Society for Psychical Research.

​There is A difference of opinions on the statment above, that the Ghost Club" was a precursor to the SPR, members of the Ghost Club went on to form the SPR, in 1882 and because of this I don't think we could ultimately say that the "Ghost Club" went on to become the SPR.. The Ghost Club was still alive and well when the SPR was formed. And there both to this day still active...2 separate organizations.

​​​​​​​Ghost Club /Ghostly Guild "Ghostly Guild" founded in 1851 by

​​Fenton Hort,
theologian and editor,
​EW. Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury
BF. wescott.  British bishop, biblical scholar and theologian, One of the founders, but apparently lost interest in the club.
​​​​​​​Joseph Barber Lightfoot,
English theologian and Bishop of Durham.



​ ​ ​​​​​​​​​​Henry Sidgwick,            Fenton Hort          Edward Benson 

 Brooke F Wescott       Joseph Lightfoot       Frederic  Meyers

    Harry Price            Edmund Gurney        Peter Underwood

​The Ghost Club / Ghostly Guild - is the world's oldest and most prestigious society devoted to the serious and impartial investigation, study and discussion of subjects not yet understood or accepted by science. (PARANORMAL)​​​

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​University societies are seldom long-lived​, but the "Ghostly Guild" lived long enough to enroll amongst its members Henry Sidgwick, who was closely related to Benson both by blood and marriage. He joined this club in (1859) then an undergraduate of Trinity College, He became actively interested in the investigation of alleged supernatural appearances and effects.​​​​ Wescott was then secretary and on his leaving Sidgwick succeeded him.
This investigation of ghost stories was the beginning so far as Sidgwick was concerned, of psychical research in which....he was engaged, except for brief intervals, during the rest of his life, to investigate the possibility of direct proof of continued individual existence after death. ​​

​​"Cambridge Ghost Society"(Ghost Club) has included such members as:​
​Henry SedgwickEnglish utilitarian philosopher and economist.
Frederic Meyerswas a poet, classicist, philologist.
Edmund Gurney, English psychologist and psychic researcher.

​​​​​​​​​​Charles Dickens - who detested spiritualism although he had very curious and interesting psychic experiences - was never elected a member, contrary to claims made over the years: a fact established by the list of members preserved at the British Library. (Peter Underwood)

​​​These were obviously a very able group of earnest investigators, but that did not prevent them from being called by outsiders the 'Cock and Bull Club'. (SKEPTICS) LOL

The club members were interested in collecting firsthand accounts of incidents which might be considered encounters with the supernatural. Westcott took a leading role. In the collection of such accounts, and beyond the collection of some number of accounts, there is no record of Westcott’s activities. 

Some of the members were thought to take part in the occult. There has been no information produced indicating that ANY club members, certainly during Westcott’s tenure, themselves participated in any occult activities. The word that stands out in the descriptions of the club, both in Westcott’s biography as well as in Hort’s, is investigation.

many early researchers maintained memberships in both groups (Ghost Club/ SPR) but conducted their more public research under the umbrella of the SPR...



​​​​​​​​​​(front row L to R) A.P Sinnett, F.W Percival, Sir William Crookes, Major General Sir Alfred Turner.
(Back row L to R)​ Lt.Col. C.E Cassel, Henry Withall, Ellis T. Powell, Col. E.R.Johnson, Abraham Wallace and Reverend F, Fielding.

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​THE GHOST CLUB 1862- ​The club has its roots in Cambridge the club was Formally launched in London in 1862. One of the club's earliest investigations, ( and may be the reason for the formation of the club ) in 1862, was of the Davenport Brothers' "spirit cabinet".......​​​​​​​​​​​​​

​​​​​​​​Davenport brothers Ira L end, William R end & the spirit cabinet

The Spirit Cabinetwas a large rectangular wooden cabinet that rested upon two saw horses. This allowed the audience to view the cabinet from underneath. There was room inside for each brother to sit at opposite ends of the cabinet. there was also room in between them as well for a spectator to sit. the two brothers would be tied to the seats within the cabinet by members of the audience. A number of instruments, like bells and tambourines were placed in between them. The doors of the cabinet were closed to allow 'spirit darkness' and the manifestations would begin, the bells would ring, rapping could be heard and the tambourines would play.

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​The "Ghost Club" was challenging the brothers' claim to be contacting the dead - a claim that was later proved to be a hoax. The results of that investigation, though, were never made public.​​

This group undertook practical investigations of spiritualist phenomena, which was then much in vogue and would meet and discuss ghostly subjects. The "Ghost Club" seems to have dissolved in the 1870s following the death of Dickens. ​

1882 Revitalisation - The " Ghost Club" was revived on All Saints Day 1882 by:
​Alfred Alaric WattsAuthor  & the son of -
Alaric Alexander Watts, British poet and journalist.
Reverend Stainton Moses. English cleric and reputed medium.

​​At one point ​​they claimed to be the original founders of the club, without acknowledging its 1862 origins. ( they were not the original founders of the Ghost club)

the "Ghost Club" remained a selective and secretive organization of convinced believers for whom psychic phenomena were an established fact.
Stainton Moses resigned from the vice presidency of the SPR in 1886 and thereafter devoted himself to the Ghost Club which met monthly, with attendance being considered obligatory except for the most pressing reasons. Membership was small - 82 members over 54 years - and women were not allowed in the club, (until 1938) but during this period it attracted some of the most original and controversial minds in psychical research, serving almost as a place of refuge for those who were unable to pursue activities elsewhere.
These included:

​​Sir William Crookes, 
British chemist and physicist, who attracted scandal after investigation into the medium Florence Cook,
Sir Oliver Lodge, the physicist and writer.
​Nandor Fodor, psychologist and a former associate of Sigmund Freud;
​Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, the creator of Sherlock Holmes.​​​ A quote from MR Doyle, spiritualism "the religion for those who find themselves outside of all religion"

The archives of the Club reveal that the names of members - both living and dead - were solemnly recited each November 2nd Each individual, living or dead, was recognized as still being a member of the Club. On more than one occasion deceased members were believed to have made their presence felt.​ 

At this stage of its existence, the Ghost Club might possibly be viewed as a Victorian occult or spiritualist society celebrating November 2, the Feast of All Souls. 

Early 20th Century - attendance dwindled and the change in the 20th century from séance room investigation to laboratory-based research meant that the Ghost Club was becoming out of touch with contemporary psychic research or parapsychology as it became known in the 1930s. Harry Price, world-famous in the 1930s as a psychic researcher and for his investigation into Borley Rectory, joined as a member in 1927. With attendance falling, Price, Bligh Bond and a handful of surviving members agreed to wind up the Club in 1936 after 485 meetings, and this took place on November 2, 1936. The Ghost Club records narrowly escaped being destroyed because of their confidential nature but were deposited in the British Museum/Library under the proviso that they would be closed until 1962.  ​ 

​​​​​​​​​​Harry Price's ​restructuring.-​​
However these events proved only a temporary suspension for within 18 months Price had relaunched the Ghost Club as a society dining event where psychic researchers and mediums delivered after dinner talks. Price decided to admit women to the club, (1938) also specifying that it was not a spiritualist church or association but a group of skeptics that gathered to discuss paranormal topics.   

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Among members in this period were :
​​Dr. C.E.M.Joad, English philosopher
Sir Julian Huxley, British evolutionary biologist, eugenicist, and internationalist.
Algernon Blackwood, Writer, broadcaster
Sir Osbert Sitwell, English writer.
Lord Amwell., British amateur magician, and a member of the British Parliament.

Mid - to late-20th Century - Following Price's death in 1948 activities lapsed but the Club was again relaunched by members of the ​​committee:

Philip Paul, Author

Peter Underwood,,English author, broadcaster and parapsychologist.

​From 1962-1993 author Peter Underwood served as President and many account of Club activities are found in his books.

Tom Perrott, retired personnel manager, and gives ghost tours. joined the club in 1967 and served as Chairman from 1971 to 1993.

Late 20th Century turmoils In 1993, however, the club underwent a period of internal disruption, An internal dispute between Peter and Bill Bellars, where Bellars was suddenly and unkindly critical of Peter and everything he had done for the "Ghost Club" thinking he could do better. Peter resigned that very night as president of the GC, but NEVER resigned from the club itself. When members found out what had happened about 80% of the members resigned and insisted on the formation of a club run on the original lines. Peter then left to become Life President of another society he called ( this was a brand new club it was not founded in 1851.) as the story suggests."The Ghost Club Society", taking some of the club members with him. During this period, Tom Perrott resigned due to the turmoil, but was invited to return to the Ghost Club as chairman, which he accepted.

With this turmoil behind the club, it was decided to implement a more democratic feel to proceedings, to abolish the "invite only" clause in its membership policy, to absorb the role of Chairman and President into one post, and to allow all members to have their say in council meetings, also encouraging them to become more involved in club affairs.

During this period the Ghost Club also expanded its remit to take in the study of UFOs, dowsing, cryptozoology and similar topics.

Into the 21st Century - In 1998, Perrott resigned as Chairman (although he remained active in club affairs), and barrister Alan Murdie was elected as his successor. Alan Murdie has written a number of ghost books including Haunted Brighton and regularly writes for the Fortean Times magazine. In 2005 he was succeeded by:
​Kathy Gearing. Ms. Gearing - the first female chairperson of the
Ghost Club. She was Chairman for 4 years. She announced in the Summer 2009 newsletter of the club her resignation from her position. In the first days of October 2009 it was announced that Alan Murdie had been re-appointed the Ghost Club's chairman four years after having left the same position. ​​​

The club continues to meet monthly on a Saturday afternoon at the Victory Services Club, near Marble Arch, in London. Several investigations are performed in England every year; in recent times, many have also been organised in Scotland by the Scottish Area Investigation Coordinator Mr. Derek Green (recently appointed to the position of Investigations Organiser for the whole Ghost Club).
Since its founding in 1862, the Ghost Club has welcomed many luminaries to its membership.
The list includes:​
Charles Dickens, British Novilist, Oliver Twist, A Christmas Carol, Nicholas Nickleby, David Copperfield, A Tale of Two Cities and Great Expectations.
​Charles Babbage, English polymath. A mathematician, philosopher, inventor and mechanical engineer,
​Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Scottish writer and physician, most noted for his fictional stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes,
Sir William Crookes, British chemist and physicist,
​Air Chief Marshal ​Lord Dowding, British officer in the Royal Air Force.
​W. B. Yeats, an Irish poet and one of the foremost figures of 20th century literature. He served as an Irish Senator for two terms.
​Siegfried Sassoon,  English poet, writer, and soldier.
​Dennis Wheatley, English author.
Peter Cushing, English actor .
​Peter Underwood, English author ,and parapsychologist.
Harry price​, British psychic researcher and author,
Maurice Grosse, famous for his investigation of the Enfield Poltergeist. To name a few.

Current staff include: Alan Murdie, Chair
Sarah Darnell, General Secretary
Derek Green, Investigations Officer
Philip Hutchison, Events Officer
Karen Cliff, Press Officer
Mark Ottowell,Journal Editor
James Tacchi, Science & Technical Officer.
Paul Foulsham,Ghost Club Webmaster
Gianna De Salvo,
Membership Secretary​

And MANY members through out the world...​

Little known facts about the ghost club - No member of the press was ever admitted to a meeting and no record of the club's activities ever
reached the outside world. Fortunately the secretaries kept meticulous records.​​​

​The club favored cremation as a means of disposing of the dead body. It was a decent and reverent means of getting rid of the worn-out garment of the "spirit". It was stated that it was always necessary to be sure that the separation of the spirit and body was complete, evidenced by decomposition.

When Harry price once again launched the club, membership was limited to 500 members.​​

The records of the ghost club in 1938 were locked in a strong box, and lodged at the British Museum where they were not allowed to be open for 25 years. And when open, it would be done in in the presence of the British Museum and an official responsible for there safe keeping.​​​ Peter Underwood and DR Paul Tabori were the members to first look at the journals., after 25 yrs had passed. ​

​​​THE USA - ASPR New York, chapter -​​​​ The American Society for Psychical Research is the oldest psychical research organization in the United States. For more than a century, it's mission has been to explore extraordinary or as yet unexplained phenomena that have been called psychic or paranormal, and their implications for our understanding of consciousness, the universe and the nature of existence. How is mind related to ​​​​​matter, energy, space and time? In what unexplained ways do we interconnect with the universe and each other? The ASPR addresses these profoundly important and far-reaching questions with scientific research and related educational activities including lectures, conferences and other information services.

The ASPR was founded in 1885 in Boston Massachusetts (resides in NY) by a distinguished group of scholars and scientists.

​​Among founding members were :
Simon Newcomb,  Mathematician - was the first President.

​Stanley Hall, 
​​James Mark Baldwin,
American philosopher and psychologist
Joseph Jastrow, psychologist
Christine Ladd-Franklin. American psychologist, logician, and mathematician.

They shared the courage and vision to explore the uncharted realms of human consciousness, among them renowned Harvard psychologist, ​William James. also a Professor of Philosophy,

​​Many of the early participants were pioneers in psychology, psychiatry, physics and astronomy. 

​Sigmond ​Freud,
Austrian neurologist, now known as the father of psychoanalysis.
Carl Jung,  Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist,
On June 20, 1906, the ASPR had 170 members and by the end of November 1907, it had 677.

​​From its inception, the Society has investigated the prevalence and meaning of extraordinary human experience from creativity, hypnosis, dreams and states of consciousness to telepathy, clairvoyance, precognition, psychokineses, healing, and the question of survival after death. These topics of study continue to be vitally relevant today.


​​​​​​Splinter group - The Boston Society for Psychical Research (BSPR)The organization was founded in May 1925 as a result of conflict within the American Society for Psychical Research (ASPR).

​​William McDougall,
​Lydia W. Allison,International Committee for the Study of Parapsychological Methods.
Walter Franklin Prince.Worcester, a distinguished Episcopal minister and founder of the healing movement served as the first president.

Prince, having resigned as research officer of the American Society for Psychical Research, became the new society's research officer. Allison oversaw the publications program. The occasion for the break was the ASPR's strong advocacy of the mediumship of Mina S. Crandon ("Margery"). Under Prince's direction, the Boston Society carried on an active research program, 
It was established in order to conduct psychic research according to strictly scientific principles set by:

​​Richard Hodgson, 
James Hervey Hyslop. professor of ethics and logic at Columbia University, psychologist,

​research examines ESP functioning in an altered state of consciousness. New case reports of personal experiences include premonitions of 9/11, as well as reports bearing on the survival hypothesis from a survey of near-death experiences, apparitions, ​​​ the results of which were published in a set of books and a series of bulletins. 

After the death of Walter Franklin Prince in 1934, the Boston SPR began to flounder, and because the issue that brought it into existence had faded in importance, it was formally reunited with the ASPR in 1941. 

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Brief history On the SPR ​​(physcical Research Society) UK -​ The SPR was founded in 1882 in London by a group of eminent thinkers including:

​​Edmund Gurney,
English psychologist and psychic researcher.
Frederic W. H. Myers, Poet, classicist, philologist.
William F. Barrett, English physicist and parapsychologist.
​Henry Sidgwick, English utilitarian philosopher and economist.
Edmund Dawson Rogers, English journalist and spiritualist. He was the first editor of the Eastern Daily Press and the founder of the National Press Agency.​​

The first President of the SPR was Henry Sidgwick, (also a member of the Ghost Club) who had enormous standing and moral authority in the intellectual circles of the day. His chief associates in the early stages were Frederic Myers, (cross correspondence page on Fred Meyers in the "afterlife" ) a classical scholar but also a man of lively and wide-ranging interests, and the brilliant Edmund Gurney, 

Among the early members were also such prominent figures:
William Barret, physicist
Lord Rayleigh,  physicist
Arthur Balfour,philosopher ​and Prime Minister in the years 1902-1905;
Gerald Balfour, classical scholar and philosopher;
Eleanor Sidgwick, one of the Balfour clan and wife of Henry Sidgwick, herself a mathematician and later Principal of Newnham College at Cambridge.

​The SPR was the first organisation of its kind in the world, its stated purpose being "to approach these varied problems without prejudice or prepossession of any kind, and in the same spirit of exact and unimpassioned enquiry which has enabled science to solve so many problems, once not less obscure nor less hotly debated. 

Critical SPR investigations into purported mediums and the exposure of fake mediums led to a number of resignations in the 1880s by Spiritualist members, but the Society continued to investigate mediums, 
Much of the early work involved investigating, exposing and in some cases duplicating fake phenomena. Richard Hodgson (parapsychologist) distinguished himself in that area. In 1884 Hodgson was sent by the SPR to India to investigate Helena Blavatsky and concluded that her claims of psychic power were fraudulent. 

In 1886 and 1887 in a series of publications the SPR exposed the tricks of many mediums.  because of this some spiritualist members such as William Stainton Moses resigned from the SPR. Due to the exposure of William Hope and other fraudulent spiritualists, Arthur Conan Doyle led a mass resignation of eighty-four members of the Society for Psychical Research, as they believed the Society was opposed to spiritualism. 

For years a feud existed between the Spiritualists who saw the SPR as unnecessarily sceptical and the SPR which saw Spiritualists as credulous or simplistic." As the SPR progressed many of the members came to interpret mediumship and spiritualist phenomena in terms of psychokinesis and telepathy opposed to the spiritualist hypothesis. This explanation for spiritualistic phenomena prevailed in the SPR, and is still supported by parapsychological researchers to this day. The early members of the society were skeptical of paranormal.

​​​​​​​The Society is run by a President and a Council of twenty members, and is open to interested members of the public to join. The organisation is based at 49 Marloes Road, Kensington, London, (there were also 2 USA chapters, New York & Boston - Boston was incorporated into the New York chapter in 1941.- ASPR). 

                                                                                 Please see disclaimer...

Tennessee archive Library....Article on the Bell Witch --- ​​​​​

Martin Burns.....Former skeptic articles ---

​​Rise against....Article on the Phillip Experiment ---
Hazel Courtney
.... Author, broadcaster, Journalist, for permission to post her article on "ORBS" that appeared in the DAILY MAIL National Newspaper in London --- ----- A link to her books.

​​​Victor Zammit/ Wendy Zammit......Authors of " A Lawyer Presents the Evidence for the Afterlife "For allowing me to use articles from his website. ( a must read) ---

​The Society for psychical Research,.....For all there information & help (Tom) ---

​​The Ghost Club.....for steering me in the right direction,  and for the articles on the club --- 
(Gianna De Salvo) picture ​​​ (Alan Murdie)

​​R. Wolf Baldassarro.....
an American poet, author, and columnist. The book I used was " A ghost hunters field guide.".​
​Just excellent!! I used several of Wolfs articles from his book that are spread through out my website

​​Kevin Williams,.....Author of "Nothing Better Than Death" and has an amazing website on reincarnation and Nde's. I used MANY articles from Kevins page. I also included an email from him to me on my Reincarnation page -----

​Dr. James Tucker​ Bonner-Lowry Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences at the University of Virginia. He is Director of the​ UVA Division of Perceptual Studies, where he is continuing the work of Dr. Ian Stevenson with children who report memories of previous lives. A board-certified child psychiatrist, Dr. Tucker worked with Dr. Stevenson for several years before taking over the research upon Dr. Stevenson’s retirement in 2002. Dr Tuckers book "Return to Life" was a New York times best seller. I used a couple of Dr Tuckers NDE that are awesome! ---

Ian Murphy......Paranormal Research Association of Boston. History of the paranormal ----

Dave Juliano......Owner of the ghost hunters store, and The Shadowlands) Awesome pictures of his investigations ----

Carol Hampton.......Photography. Picture of "Ghost Girl this page ----!/home

Wikipedia/WikiCommons.....​​.... ----

​Wikihow..... and with permission from (Chris), of Wikihow.
​​​Overview - ​​​The Paranormal P.I'S are a mother and daughters team ​from the Central Minnesota area. We are a non-profit organization. We will NEVER charge for an investigation. The team pays for everything. We do accept donations and use this for gas, equipment, batteries, etc. Our group has never been on Television or Radio.

​​We are dedicated, professional, discreet, and most importantly, we are here to help others. There are NO experts in the Paranormal field. We strive to do our very best at each and every investigation. ​​​
​Karen, lead investigator and founder of the group has been investigating for several years. We are very respectful of the living and the dead. We are here to help people with their paranormal problems, ​whether it be natural or unnatural, and to find evidence to the possibility of an afterlife. There has been evidence over the years that can't be ignored..So we will continue our search.....​​

We are open-minded, but skeptic of any evidence we don't see for ourselves, yet firm believers of the paranormal. We will try to find a natural cause for any disturbance. If we can't debunk something then we may consider it to be paranormal. If any of our video/data is questionable it WILL NOT BE USED.
Before an investigation we do extensive research on the property, structure, and previous and present owners/renters. We then set up a time/date for the investigation. We use some of the latest equipment in our investigations. (please see our Methodology & equipment page for more information)

​​​Once the investigation is over our responsibilities will end there. We are there to investigate and document any activity. we don't do house blessings, cleansing or exorcisms. However, we may be able to help you get in touch with a group that provides these services.​​

All articles, pictures and other information is posted with the owners permission.

I want to thank each and everyone of them for there articles, pictures & all the help I received with my research on my articles.
A SKEPTIC is just someone who hasn't had an experience YET!
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Short history on the very first "Ghost Club" which I'm a member... And the "SPR" (Society for Psychical Research).
"I do not feel the smallest doubt now that we survive death, and Iam pretty confident that the whole world will have accepted this ​​before A.D. 2000."​​​​​ FRED MEYERS,
​(Society for Psychical Research, Ghost Club)​
In reference to the afterlife: Great spirits have always encountered opposition from mediocre minds. ALBERT EINSTIEN
“For those who believe, no proof is necessary. For those who don't believe, no proof is possible.”​​ STUART CHASE
"The boundaries which divide Life from Death are at best shadowy and vague. Who shall say where the one ends, and where the other begins"? EDGAR ALLEN POE
the articles, views, on this site I agree with, believe in, or they wouldn't be on my site.

Some examples of William Hopes Photographs

The annual meeting of the "Society for the Study of Supernormal Pictures". Including Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and his wife (Center, Left) (1922).
HARRY PRICE and friend
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                         ABT 1869
Short history on the Paranormal- People have been researching the paranormal since the beginning of time, even if they didn’t know they were at the time. The belief in ghosts as the souls of the departed is related to the concept of animism, which in its most basic form is the belief in a “soul” or “life energy” that is present in most religions. Nineteenth century anthropologist James Frazer explains in “The Golden Bough” that souls were seen as “the creature within that animated the body”. Another widespread belief concerning ghosts is that they were composed of a misty or subtle material. Many speculate that this may stem from ancient cultures who observed person’s breath, which upon exhaling in colder climates appears visibly as a white mist. In many historical accounts, ghosts were thought to be deceased persons looking for vengeance, or imprisoned on earth for bad things they did during life. Most cultures have ghost stories in their mythologies. Many stories from the Middle Ages and the Romantic era rely on the macabre and the fantastic, and ghosts are a major theme in literature from those eras.

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​One of the earliest known ghost “sightings” and paranormal investigation, took place in Athens, Greece. Pliny the Younger(c. 63 – 113 AD) described it in a letter to Licinius Sura: Athenodoros Cananites (c. 74 BC – 7 AD), a Stoic philosopher, decided to rent a large, Athenian house, to investigate widespread rumors that it was haunted. Athenodoros staked out at the house that night, and, sure enough, a disheveled, aged spectre, bound at feet and hands with rattling chains, eventually “appeared”. The spirit then beckoned for Athenodoros to follow him; Athenodoros complied, but the ghost soon vanished. The philosopher marked the spot where the old man had disappeared, and, on the next day, advised the magistrates to dig there. The man’s shackled bones were reportedly uncovered three years later.
After a proper burial, the hauntings ceased. It can be seen that a number of accounts of ghosts around the world seem to follow this theme of a ghost looking for a proper burial or to right some action in their life where they wronged, or were wronged before they can rest.​​​​​​​​​

​​Edison - believed that the “soul” was made up of what he called “life units”. These microscopic particles or life units could rearrange into any form. They retained full memory, personality and were indestructible.
A 1921 New York Times article, A.D. Rothman wrote that Edison was developing a machine that would measure “one hundred trillion life units” in the human body that “may scatter after death.”

Then, in 1933, “Modern Mechanix Magazine” went back into history to tell of a secret 1920 gathering of Edison and associates where the inventor demonstrated a “photo-electric cell” that revealed spirits in a beam of light.

So the machine would detect these life units in the environment and allow living individuals to communicate with the dead. He put many years of hard work into his new creation, but sadly, he died before it was finished. Some people thought Edison was crazy. Others thought that he was onto something bigger than any of his other inventions. They
believed that if he had a little more time, we might all today be living in a very different world.

For numerous years the subject of any paranormal conversation was generally taboo and kept behind closed doors. Although the subject is now not just accepted, but a source of entertainment; this change is due, in part, to the number of paranormal television shows that have been adorning our screen for the past few years. While people can argue these shows are fake or just for entertainment, no‐one can disagree
that they have brought public interest to the field, which has enabled paranormal researchers access to more data and clients which they would not have had in the past.
This data has been invaluable to our research, and enabled us to help many more clients.

​Theory and Research,​​ - This has moved on to the evolution of equipment, as people are finding new ways to apply equipment to the field, which has sparked new research. Examples would include research into Infrasound and ElectroMagnetic Fields.

What is the future of paranormal research? As with all fields of the unknown, the future is research and the people that drive that research. ​
Paranormal teams will come and go. They will generally follow the normal path of a group of enthusiasts who investigate graveyards with little more than a video camera and a notebook, until they start studying the science and theory of the past, evolve their theories and then start to perform their own research and propose their own theories. So, the future of paranormal research is simple. It’s research, and most importantly, its YOU!

​​HISTORY OF SPIRITUALISM - mediums, Psychics, Sensitive’s, call them what you will. Each has there own story to tell for how they became sensitive, As varied and colorful the subject of the Paranormal is, the history of Spiritualism is just as diverse, both intrinsically linked to the other, by the worst of all aspects of life itself. Death.

Spiritualism is a belief that spirits of the dead have both the ability and the inclination to communicate with the living. The afterlife, or "spirit world", is seen by Spiritualists, not as a static place, but as one in which spirits continue to evolve. These two beliefs: that contact with spirits is possible, and that spirits are more advanced than humans, leads Spiritualists to a third belief, that spirits are capable of providing useful knowledge about moral and ethical issues, as well as about the nature of God. Thus, many Spiritualists will speak of their spirit guides — specific spirits, often contacted, who are relied upon for spiritual guidance.
​Spiritism, a branch of Spiritualism developed by Allan Kardec and today found mostly in Continental Europe and Latin America,
​​especially Brazil, has emphasized ​reincarnation.

Although various Spiritualist traditions have their own beliefs, known as Principles, there are some shared concepts:

A belief in spirit communication.
A belief that the soul continues to exist after the death of the physical body.
Personal responsibility for life circumstances.
Even after death it is possible for the soul to learn and improve
A belief in a God, often referred to as "Infinite Intelligence".
The natural world considered as an expression of said intelligence.

Spiritualism developed and reached its peak growth in membership from the 1840s to the 1920s, especially in English-speaking countries.

Spiritualismin,- in the Modern World can be linked to events in a little town called Hydesville, near Rochester, New York State in the late 1840's. James Fox, a Methodist Farmer, had finished his hard days work and was ready for bed, in the family home lived himself, his wife Margaret and two of his beloved daughters, Margaretta aged 14 and Kate aged 12. It was the last day in March 1848, the summer was coming and lots would need to be done on the farm, his focus and thought should have been on the coming season, yet they were not. Just as they had done for the few nights previously the two children were upset, and his wife was becoming so too. A strange rattling sound was coming from various parts of his home, thinking it was the wind he tried locking the window shutters more securely, yet with no wind present he was dumbfounded, but things were to get worse, a lot worse, before they got better. The Home was little more than a shack with a single room in which to eat, relax and sleep for the whole family. Margaret Fox reassured her children that with April Fools day being tomorrow it was just one of the youths from the village playing tricks upon them, she thought it would be fun to test them and challenged them to copy her own bangs and rattles. She snapped her fingers a number of times and each time received the same number of noises, more tests were needed and so she clapped her hands, only to be answered in the same way. She was becoming a little startled but did not want to show it to her children, deep inside she knew it was not a frivolous youngster out for cheap thrills from the village, the only person other than herself and her children in the house was her husband, and he was not the type to do such things to upset his family. She decided to put the noises to the ultimate test, a question which no one in the village would have been able to answer, she asked aloud for the different ages of her children, for not only had she the two daughters but she had more children too, even a poor little baby who died aged three. As expected, though still dreaded, the noises tapped out all of her children’s ages, leaving gaps long enough to know when the next count was to begin, the very last count sounded faint and very small, the count was knock, knock, knock. She must have been a little perplexed by now, heaven knows what her children were feeling too. She asked aloud if it was a human making the noises, yet got no response, pensively she asked if it was a spirit, for confirmation she asked for two knocks for a yes answer, she received her two knocks (A form of communication still used today with spirits for an affirmative answer). News quickly spread in the rural community of Hydesville, the Fox place was haunted, indeed the last tenant moved out because the knocking upset him so much. People were quick to blame the two girls for the noises, claiming it was all a stunt by adolescent girls out for a laugh. Soon not only the entire village knew but the entire Continents of North America and Europe knew about the strange goings on, many new stories came to light at this time as people became a little more confident to report strange goings on in their homes.​​​​​​​​​​​​​

The fox family - were to be plagued with the restless spirits for many months to come, many people stayed at the house and various theories came to light as to why there was a ghost in the house. Facts and dates were obtained from the spirit, but only snippets at a time. The story went that a peddler had stopped by the house just a few years previously, the owner at the time was a man called Mr Bell. This peddler had asked for a room for the night, Mr Bell had let the man in for the night, though ​​
somehow during the evening Mr Bell had killed the Peddler for the $500 he had in his bundle. Mr Bell had then buried the body and covered it with quicklime in the cellar. James Fox and his friends quickly dug up the cellar, finding an underground stream they had to wait a couple of months for the water level to drop but eventually sure enough a few feet further down they found the quickly rotting corpse. Mr Bell was even found too, living in Lyon closer to New York City, calls were made for his arrest but no trial could go ahead on the say so of a ghost. Strangely the spirit foresaw this as he had communicated with people previously, through knocks and taps he had told them that his murderer would never be brought to justice. The noises however went on, even when both Margaretta and Kate went to live with their other Brother and Sister far way the noises followed them there.​​​​​​


​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Here is the Fox sisters story -The Fox Sisters are considered to be the founders of the Modern Spiritualist movement. Leah, Margaretta and Kate Fox claimed to communicate with the spirits of dead people. On March 31, 1848 Kate and Margaretta (aged 11 and 13) communicated with a spirit they called "Mr. Splitfoot" by rapping on the walls. The phenomenon wowed the locals and the story spread that the girls were communicating with the spirit of a previous tenant of the house who had been murdered. Leah, the oldest sister, also claimed to have the ability to communicate with spirits and soon the three found themselves touring the region and demonstrating their abilities. Eventually the Fox Sisters appeared in New York City (thanks in part to P. T. Barnum) and across the United States. They endured plenty of criticism and fell on hard times, and by 1888 they renounced their claims of special powers; Kate admitted they'd fooled everyone by simply cracking their toes to mimic rapping sounds from the dead. A year later they retracted that confession, making the whole deal even more confusing. Skeptics now claim the sisters died destitute alcoholics and were frauds who made a living out of pretending to talk to the spirits of the dead. Believers still maintain the truth of the sisters' original story, and Spiritualism continues to have hundreds of thousands of followers.​

​​​​​​This book is filled with ghost stories and are suppose to be true accounts. The Night Side of Nature by a Scottish woman named Catherine Crowe,the book was released in 1848, Very long and a little boring. But it held my attention and that's not easy.. 464 pages. This story below filled 3 pages . This is just a little peak into the book. ​
​Willington Mill Ghost - Joshua Proctor moved into a house that was built around 1800. It wasn't until the autumn of 1834 when the Proctors began to notice odd noises in their house Most members of the family complained of hearing footsteps and whistling that could not be accounted for. The sound of a clock being wound could not be explained. Over a six-year period, the intensity of the haunting increased. And then there were the apparitions. The white figure of a strange woman was seen in a window by a neighbor, and seen in other rooms of the house by the Proctor family.
​Two men, a Dr Edward Drury and his friend a Mr Hudson set about finding what the noises were, accompanying them were two loaded pistols ready to scare any hoaxers into thinking again before upsetting the peaceful Quakers.​
At 11pm on the 3rd of July 1840 Dr Drury and Mr Hudson took part in what could be the very first vigil to investigate the paranormal.
​​They made themselves comfortable on the third floor landing, just near them was the "haunted" room where Mr Proctor had heard things. As midnight struck they heard a strange sound, as though someone was walking on the wooden floor boards with bare feet, yet Mr Proctor, Mr Hudson and Dr Drury were the only three people inside the house at the time. All three men expected to find a hoaxer trying to scare them, but what Dr Drury saw scared him far more than any hoaxer ever could. After forty-five minutes of the odd bang, scrape and rustling noise the men thought the nights activities were settling down, when all of a sudden a closet door swung open and the ghost of a young lady came striding towards them, her head lolling to one side and one hand clutching at her belly, her face a torment of pain. Mr Hudson was directly in the path of the spirit yet Dr Drury found the courage to charge at the spirit and passed right through her knocking over Mr Hudson in the process! Drury went into a blind fit of horror and had to be dragged out of the building by the other two men, both just as dumbstruck as the other. Dr Drury had to be calmed down, and that took ten days, upon coming around he claimed not to be able to recollect what had happened. All of this was reported in a book called The Night Side of Nature by a Scottish woman named Catherine Crowe, the book was released in 1848,

​​​​​​Spirit photography - is a type of photography whose primary attempt is to capture images of ghosts and other spiritual entities, especially in ghost hunting and has a strong history dating back to the late 19th century.
​​​​Perhaps the first "ghost photo" was taken in 1860 by W. Campbell in New Jersey. The photo was of an empty chair, but once the photo was developed, the image of a small boy was discovered.
I searched the internet for months and could not find this photo.​

Respected English scientist Sir William Crookes, who conducted research into various paranormal phenomena concluded that, among other things, spirit photography was a credible pursuit.

Spirit photography was first used by William H. Mumler in the 1860s. Mumler discovered the technique by accident, after he discovered a second person in a photograph he took of himself, which he found was actually a double exposure.

Early cameras had very long exposure time—up to one minute—during which the subject had to remain perfectly still. It was quite common for "ghostly" images to appear when a subject moved or left the frame before the exposure was complete.
Seeing there was a market for it, Mumler started working as a medium, taking people's pictures and doctoring the negatives to add lost loved ones into them (mostly using other photographs as basis). Mumler's fraud was discovered after he put identifiable living Boston residents in the photos as spirits.

Another spiritualist, claimed that spirit photography operated by means of a fluid substance called ectoplasm, in which the spirits take form. Some spiritualists authored books supporting spirit photography.

One of the later spirit photographers was William Hope (1863–1933). The psychical researcher Harry Price ( also a GHOST CLUB member) revealed that the photographs of Hope were frauds. Price secretly marked Hope's photographic plates, and provided him with a packet of additional plates that had been covertly etched with the brand image of the Imperial Dry Plate Co. Ltd. in the knowledge that the logo would be transferred to any images created with them. Unaware that Price had tampered with his supplies, Hope then attempted to produce a number of Spirit photographs. Although Hope produced several images of spirits, none of his materials contained the Imperial Dry Plate Co. Ltd logo, or the marks that Price had put on Hope's original equipment, showing that he had exchanged prepared materials containing fake spirit images for the provided materials. This is one example of of why there is a lack of support for spirit photography today.


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